Abraham part 2: Gen 15 – 19

Print pagePDF pageEmail page

Abram Sara



As the years slowly passed and no child was born to Abram from which an offspring could come, his faith that he would become the father of a great nation, gradually faded and God, who knows our deepest thoughts, knew it.  He realized that He would have to do something to stir up Abram’s faith once more, therefore He appeared to him in a vision. This was now the fourth time in which we read, that God communicated with him in such a special way.

The Lord appears to Abram in a vision.

In this vision the Lord firstly encouraged him not to fear.  Possibly he felt threatened by the Canaanites that were ever so often on the war path.  When the almighty God says to a person, “Do not fear,” it has an electrifying effect on him.  His words come with authority like when, at the time of creation, He said, “Let there be light,” and immediately there was light.  His words touch you deep within.  There is a transfer of godly power.  In Scripture, we often find God saying to His scared children, “Do not fear; only believe”.

He assures Abram that He is standing between him and his enemies.

Secondly the Lord said to him, “I personally stand between you and your enemies.”  It must have been a great comfort to him to know that the Lord was not only with him, but took up a position like a shield between him and his enemies or threatening disasters.  These things had to get past God before they could hit him; and who and what could slip past the Almighty or push Him out of the way?

He encourages Abraham to look away from his challenges and focus on his achievements.

Thirdly He said to him not to focus so much on his challenges; that will hypnotize him.  He was to focus on the positive things in his life; about the tremendous eternal reward that he had already accrued by his obedient moving out of Ur, then his fears would disappear.

These three things which the Lord said to Abram, may also be appropriated by every child of God who left the sinful world and is now traveling to heaven. With every temptation that we overcome, every stronghold of sin of which the walls fall because we are exercising our faith, and with every step of progress we make on the way of sanctification, our reward in heaven increases.  It also increases by that which we do for the Lord’s children and for His Kingdom.  Jesus promised that even a cup of cold water given to one of His, will not go unrewarded.

Abram told to calculate his descendants by counting the stars.

But Abram was depressive, exhausted, tired of trying to believe.  He lay there in the dark tent staring up at the image of God Who was appearing to him.  He was hearing what God was saying to him regarding his enemies, but his problem was not so much the enemies that surrounded him, but the enemy within his own body or in the body of Sarai.  For years on end the two of them had now been sleeping together, but every month, as she was coming from the tent on her way to the waterhole and he looked enquiringly up to her, she slightly, almost imperceptibly, moved her head from side to side so that only he could notice it.  Then he knew, looked away at the distant hills, and mumbled, “Nothing, still nothing. Will have to continue waiting.  Perhaps next month, perhaps next month.” For quite some time they were not discussing this issue anymore for it only made the matter so much more painful.  And when they closed the tent-flap behind them and lay down next to one another under the skin rug, they were tense so tense, almost afraid of one another.  “Why Lord, why?”

When God stopped speaking to him, Abram licked his dry lips and inquired hesitatingly, “Lord, what do You have in mind for me?  I am moving on in years.  Soon it will be too late and I will be passing from this life without an heir. As matters now stand, my servant Eliezer will inherent all I have.  Is that what You want Lord?”  “No Abram, not like that, no, the one that will come from your own body, from your own seed, he will be your heir.”  Could there have been tears in Abram’s eyes?  Was a small flame of hope perhaps kindled from the ashes of his faith?

Then the Lord did something unusual:  He led Abram outside to stand under the starry heavens with the camp sleeping around them.  Then He told him to look upwards, towards heaven and to count the stars. If he was able to count their number, he would know what the number of his children, grandchildren and their descendants would be. As he stared at the milliards of heavenly bodies and realized what an exceedingly great plan God had for him, a flood of faith suddenly erupted in his heart and God saw it and reckoned it to him as righteousness.  Put differently: God decided, “He truly believes in Me, he entrusts himself to Me and that is all I require of a human being and therefor I declare him to be in right standing with me.”

We receive our salvation (new birth/forgiveness of sins) when God sees within our hearts that we believe in Him, with all that is within us, and that we entrust ourselves to Him.  That, of course, includes that we believe that the Lord Jesus died for our sins on the cross in order that He may impart everlasting life to us.

Abram, being a man of nature, would in future, as soon as doubt would threaten to overcome him, walk out of his tent at night, look up and remember his night with God under a cloudless heaven and how faith had burned within his heart.

God had this episode in Abram’s life recorded in his Book so that you and I can see how much trouble God takes to uphold a person’s faith so that we, just like Abram, will co-operate with the Lord in the process of spiritual growth.


The promise of the land of Canaan renewed.

Again God spoke to Abram, assuring him that He had brought him up from Ur of the Chaldeans to give him this land in which he was now moving around.  What God was saying to him, was something like, “Up to this point, My Word came true, so do trust Me for the future.”

Abram’s faith however, was still too weak to lay hold of that promise that would only be fulfilled in the distant future, so he asked the Lord for proof.  God saw that His child was trying very hard to believe and was not cross with him, but came to his assistance with a practical sign.  He did this in a very dramatic way; something which Abram would never forget.

God enters into covenant with Abraham in a very dramatic way.

What God did, was to command Abram to bring Him certain animals. Abraham did so, cutting some of them down the middle into two halves and laying down all these in two rows over against each other.  What God was now going to do, was something well-known in the culture of that time.  When important agreements were contracted, the parties to it cut animals into two halves, lay them down on the ground, then walked through the passage between them.  In so doing, they were saying, “May I be cut in two like these animals should I fail to keep this contract.” (Had this legal action been performed nowadays, the Lord would probably have put His promise down in writing, signed it, sealed it and have handed it to Abram to keep locked away in his safe.)

When night was about to fall, Abram fell asleep during which a terrible fear and spiritual darkness came over him.  Abram would of have realized very well that what was happening to him was absolutely supernatural, that it was of God and that the Lord wanted to convey something important to him.  (Perhaps God wanted him to experience something of the pain and confusion that his descendants would experience as slaves in Egypt.)

Then God spoke to him, telling him what would happen to his descendants before they would take the land into possession.  They would, for 400 years, be slaves but would emerge from slavery with much riches, then come to this land of promise.  The Lord also described to him the boundaries of the land as well as the names of the different nations He would give into their hand.  When night fell, the Lord sealed His words by passing through between the pieces of animal in the form of a smoking oven (fire pot) and a flaming torch.  In this way He made a covenant with Abram.  On top of it all, the Lord gave him the assurance that he would live to a ripe old age before passing away.

(Let us note that Abram did not pass through between the carcasses as God did.  The reason for this probably is that man is too weak to keep an agreement with God.)

In this way, God had, in a visible, dramatic, supernatural way, confirmed his promises to Abram to strengthen his faith. It surely left such a tremendous impression upon him, that he would never have forgotten it.  During the years that lay ahead, this incident would help him to continuing believing.

C. HAGAR AND ISHMAEL (Please read Gen. 16:1-16).

Sarai looses hope.

Now it was Sarai’s turn to cast away all hope.  God never spoke directly to her, to encourage her and now having waited for ten years, it became too much for her.  Her faith that she would have her own son, hit rock bottom.  She just became tired of waiting on the Lord to do something.  Her eyes were no longer fixed on God and her desire was no longer to honour Him.  Her heart wanted a child, right now, not later on.  She decided to make her own plan to get a child and involved her husband in it by handing her slave girl Hagar over to him to conceive a child for her. She rationalized (argued that she was doing right) by thinking, “My slave servant is my property; for that reason, her child is not hers, but mine.  In this way, I can have a child without waiting any longer, and cuddle him in my arms as my own.”  She thought that she had devised a clever plan.  No one would dare to say anything about it for wasn’t she the farmer’s wife?

Abram lead by the nose.

Abram agreed to do this, for he too was tired of waiting and believing and looking forward to the promised child that never came.  He had enough of looking at Sarai’s moody face day by day because she was unable to conceive a child.  She might even have insinuated that he was to blame; who knows?  So, he convinced himself that his wife got this clever, logical plan from the Lord.  What is more, they would now be able to test and see which of the two of them was barren.

A husband must stand firm in following God’s leading and not succumb to his wife’s misleading (and vice versa).  There must be a firm understanding between spouses in a Christian marriage that, if one would succumb to temptation and turn away from God, the other would not follow him or her but would continue in serving the Lord and pray for the one that went astray.

Hagar’s pregnancy turns into a bundle of thorns.

Just like earlier in Egypt, Abram and Sarai’s conspiracy ended in disaster.

In no time, Hagar conceived but when she became aware that she was pregnant, she treated Sarai with contempt.  Sarai’s, was a humanly devised plan and resulted in bitter regret because her slave girl now looked down upon her.

(By the way, consider the present-day tendency of barren couples to resort to surrogate motherhood.)

As regards Hagar; we should never uplift ourselves and look down upon others when God blesses us more than them.  Sarai’s suffering became unbearable because there is no pain as that which you caused for yourself, for which you yourself are to blame.  So, what she did, was to shift the blame to her husband.  Can you believe it?  Abram must have been dumbfounded; “Woman, you will never understand them,” he possibly mumbled as he walked back to his tent, shaking his head.  But she persisted that he was to blame for the whole situation. She might have argued that he should have known better; he should have known that she did not really mean it when she suggested that he should sleep with Hagar; that what she wanted was just for him to have sympathized with her, telling her how beautiful and precious she was,  but then he grasped the opportunity to go into her slave girl’s tent that very night! He must have been watching her for some time already.  Just couldn’t wait any longer!  Men!  They are all the same.

Abram again reasoned; “You made the bed, now sleep in it”  and told her; “She is your slave girl.  Do with her as you please” turned around and walked away nonchalant.  He would have nothing to do with this sticky problem and laid it right back in front of Sarai’s door (tent).

When a conflict like this arises between men, some of them would resort to their fists to resolve it, women, however do it in a more subtle way (or am I being unfair and unkind?). Sarai then treated Hagar so badly that she fled from the camp in tears.  Had Sarai ever prayed for Hagar and counselled her in a Christian way, like a mother, or did she just act in the flesh, saying in her heart, “You are my slave.  I will show you who is the boss in this home.”

Hagar pays dearly for her snobbishness but the Lord bails her out.

Hagar’s sin to uplift herself above her mistress cost her dearly; it cost her, her job, her board and lodging and endangered the life of the child she was expecting.  Now she was an outcast like Cain.  And, in those days, there were no centers for unmarried mothers.

Even among men of this world, you will find many, “Hagars”.  Might you be one?  “I will not be shunted around by a boss,” is what you say, and you spit sideways, but tomorrow or the day after that, you crawl in under another man’s roof and the church has to take groceries home for your wife and children.  What has now become of your cocky attitude?

The Angel of the Lord (Our Lord Jesus, Who at that time, was known as, “the Angel of the Lord”),  came upon Hagar where she was resting at a fountain (well) in the desert and asked her something like the following:  “But I seem to know you; are you not Hagar,  the slave woman of Sarai?  Where are you from and where are you heading?”  “I am fleeing from my mistress Sarai,” she answered, stiffly, honestly.  It possibly pleased the Lord that she did not, like her mistress, shift the blame to someone else, but admitted her guilt openly, but He could not allow her to continue on this self-chosen way.

God has, for each of us, an appointed time and place in life, which is the very best for us.  It is not always an enjoyable place and we sometimes make it even more difficult for ourselves because of our wrong attitude.  But to flee from that place, He will not allow. He catches up with us, in the desert, at which ever fountain we are trying to find relief.  Fleeing from your marriage?  Fleeing from your work situation?  No, do not flee into the nearby desert, if you do want to make a change, pray and wait on God to take your hand and lead you to green pastures and to peaceful waters.

The Lord instructed Hagar to return to her mistress and to humble herself under her hand.  But just note how lovingly and tactfully He handled her.  He did not send her back empty handed but sat down, chatting to her for a while (my imagination) as He wood hundreds of year in the future do with the woman at the well of Samaria.  He told her about the boy that was in her womb, that she was to name him Ishmael; that he would grow up and that a great nation would come from him.  When He had finished speaking to her and had returned to His heavenly home, Hagar was overcome with wonder that God had also appeared and spoken to her, a slave girl, and she named the well Beer-Lahai-Roi which means, “Well of the Living One who sees me.”  Yes, Sarai was not worth more to the Lord than Hagar; both of them were precious in His eyes.

So then the Lord overruled the miss steps of Sarai, Abram and Hagar and restored peace on their farm.

Hagar later on gave birth to a son and Abram called him Ishmael.  When he was born, Abram was 86 year old.  Some eleven years had already passed since he had departed from Ur.

Ishmael’s conceiving was not God’s plan and although the Lord blessed him and his descendants and afforded them every possible opportunity, they later on total departed from the faith of Abram and set up their own religion.  Today we know them as the Muslims and their faith as Mohammedanism.  They are against Christianity and do not acknowledge the Lord Jesus as the Son of God.


God impresses upon Abraham’s mind that there is no limit to his power.

Abram’s years slowly moved on until he reached the age of 99.  By that time, 24 year years had already lapsed since he had departed from Ur of the Chaldeans and 13 years since the birth of Ishmael.  Only now did it please the Lord to appear to him visually once more.  This is the fifth time of which we know that God had communicated with him.  God wanted to strengthen his faith in order that he would work with Him to obtain the promised son.  He told him that He was God Almighty.  This was now the second time that He brought this specific truth to his attention, namely that He possessed all power.

Abraham cautioned to walk with God.

He also cautioned Abram to walk before Him, for then he would be perfect (righteous).  He always had to be and honest with Him.  He also again confirmed His covenant with him, that He would multiply him into a multitude of nations and would give the land of Canaan to his descendants as an everlasting possession.  By repeating the same thing to him again and again, He wanted to imprint it so clearly into his mind, that he would never doubt it.  As said earlier on, when God speaks to a person, it does something for your faith.

Abram and Sarai receive new names.

This time the Lord went a step further and changed Abram’s name to Abraham, which means “Father of a multitude of nations.”  Also Sarai’s name (Princess), He changed to Sarah, “Mother of nations.”  On top of it all, He also gave them the name of the son that would be born to them;  he was to be called Isaac.  By changing the names of the parents and by furnishing the name of their son ahead of time, the Lord gave them something concrete to support their faith.  If they now were to call one-another on their new names and their son to be by his name (which I believe they did) they would have been confirming to everybody in the camp that they firmly believed God’s promise.   This verbal confession would not only further strengthen their faith, but would also play a practical part in the conceiving of Isaac, because God creates new things by the words that proceed from his mouth and from the mouths of His children.

We too should confess verbally to other people that which the Lord did and said to us.  In this way we become co-workers with God in the realisation of His promises.

Abraham fell on his face before God, laughed in his heart and said, “Can a child be born to some-one who is a hundred years of age? Or can Sarah who is ninety years old bear a child?  May Ishmael live long before your face.”  Abraham could hardly believe that he and Sarah could, at their age, conceive a son and considered it as a joke.  He was thinking what a joke it would be if two such old people would have a baby.  But the Lord only re-affirmed His promise.

Circumcision given as sign of God’s covenant with Abraham and his descendants.

God also instituted the circumcision which Abraham had to fulfil as a token from his side of the covenant with God.  The circumcision was a further practical, physical token (sign) which would remind all of them (the slaves included) of God’s promise and from which all of them would benefit.  It was not a covenant which Abraham was to make now and would later on not be able to fulfil.  It was something practical and within his ability to do, something he could do right there and then – God does not expect from us that which is impossible.

Abraham circumcised himself and all the men under his authority.  He always obeyed God immediately and so, also in this instance by contracting the circumcision on the very same day.  All the other work that had been planned was postponed.  Presumably the shepherds had to be called in.  God had spoken and this was more important than anything else.  It was a painful and humiliating experience and Abraham must have had a very strong spiritual authority over his people to persuade them to have themselves circumcised.  Because he trusted God, they trusted him.  A person’s deeds prove his faith.

For quite a number of days the women probably had to take care of all the activities in the camp until the men had healed.


The incident which is described in this periscope, must have occurred shortly after the last time God had appeared to Abraham.  This was now the sixth time, of which we are aware, that God had communicated with Abraham in such a personal way.

Three visitors arrived at his tent.  They probably were the Lord Jesus and two angels that appeared in human form.  Possibly they just all of a sudden appeared from nowhere and that was why Abraham became aware that they were supernatural beings and took so much trouble to entertain them hospitably.

In the New Testament Christians are cautioned to be hospitable to everybody because people in times of old, had, because of their hospitality, unknowingly served angels with food and drink.

At this instance the Lord ensured that Sarah was within hearing, before He again broached the matter of the promised son to Abraham.  It was difficult for Sarah to believe God’s promises and carry out the instructions which always came to her through her husband, yet she had accepted it that way and her humility and faith was now rewarded by allowing her to have part in the conversation.

Christian wives enjoy an advantage above Sarah in that they can personally perceive God’s words by reading the Scriptures and by listening to His Spirit.  Within a family the husband, however, still remains the head and God firstly speaks to him regarding any important matters and then confirms it to his wife.  This is a tremendous responsibility which the husband bears, therefore the wife needs to walk just as closely with God in order that her confirmation of what God had conveyed to him, will carry weight and give him boldness to take decisions in regard to the family.  The family’s welfare depends on this interaction between God, husband and wife.

The Lord then promised that Sarah would have a son within the next year.  Sarah laughed on hearing this, certainly not in a dishonouring way, but because she pictured in her mind a grandma breastfeeding a baby.  The Lord reprimanded her and asked her whether she considered anything to be too great for God to bring about.

This time the Lord carried His revelation one step further by revealing that the boy would be born within a year.

How is it with you when you read God’s promises:  Do you believe or do you laugh?  Well, at least laughing is better than crying or murmuring (complaining) but to praise God from a believing heart before the outcome is seen, that is what pleases and honours Him.

F. ABRAHAM INTERCEDES FOR SODOM (Please read Gen 18:16-33).

With the matter of Abraham’s problem regarding his promised son being dealt with, the Lord now involved Abraham in the administration of this world by advising him that He was going to inspect the situation at Sodom and Gomorrah.  As King of the universe He could not passively look on while communities were degenerating morally in such a bad way, because if this was allowed to continue unchecked, He would have to wipe out everybody like in the days of the Flood.  God shared this crisis with Abraham His friend, telling him that He had no option but destroying these cities.  Yes, God too has problems.  He knows exactly what evil is taking place in every city, under each roof and in every heart   and continually has to take the hart-rending decision to finally judge individuals or communities.

Abraham, possibly keeping  in mind that his cousin and family residing in one of these cities, interceded for them and persuaded God to save them, even if only ten of the residents were righteous  people.  Like a competent advocate Abraham used powerful arguments in his address.

(It is sometimes said in good humour that if you get involved in business with one of Abraham’s descendants, you will always be the looser.  That might be because the Lord blesses them exceptionally or it might refer to this incident where Abraham bargained with the Lord to bring down the price from 50 to 10!)

But now, in earnest: God has no delight in destroying people.  From up there in heaven His eyes run to and fro from home to home to search for intercessors, evangelists, pastors and whosoever is willing to assist Him in turning sinners away from their wicked ways.

When we hear of evil things happening in our country, do we just express our shock, or do we do something about it?  All Abraham could do at that moment, was to pray and he did just that.  His profound petition was considered and granted by the righteous, approachable Judge.  Likewise will our prayers ascend to the courtroom of God where it will be carefully considered.  Even at this moment, there may be some of our family and friends who’s lives are delicately balanced between pardon and judgement, and is God working  powerfully in our hearts by His Spirit to intercede for them once more.  The robber on the cross escaped from the mouth of the dragon at the last moment.


Lot and his family chose the wrong company. 

Lot and his family, after being delivered from the hand of the enemies who had carried them away as slaves, again settled in Sodom.

Let us not get mixed up with evil people.  We can befriend them to win them over to Christ, but we must always hold up the shield of faith between us and them and not allow our relationship with Christ to suffer.  Should we have deviated from the Lord and He had rescued us by grace, let us wake up and walk in fear and obedience with Him and let us not do as Lot did by settling once more in Sodom and Gomorrah, that is, let us not again fall in love with the world and all it’s enticements.

Lot retained a measure of godliness.

It would however seem as if Lot had at least retained his connection of faith with God.  He received the two strangers (angels send by God to save him and his family) hospitably and took them under his roof.  When the wicked men of the city tried to seduce them, he went out of his way to protect them.  He also vexed his heart because of the wickedness of the people of the city and confronted them (2 Pet 2:7) but they took it as though he was trying to boss it over them.  The fact that his two grown daughters were still virgins, also counts in his favour.

When the angels saw that his endeavours to protect them and his family were not having any effect, they intervened supernaturally and struck the men of the city with blindness.  They then warned Lot and his family to flee from the city.  Lot went outside to caution his sons-in-law to be, but they made fun of him.  At daybreak Lot and his people had not yet left the city about to be judged, so the angels had to grab them by their hands and, as it were, drag them outside, instructing them to flee to the mountains.

Lot’s wife turned into a pillar of salt.

Even at this critical time, Lot still argued with the angels, saying that there was this nearby little settlement called Soar and whether they could not go there for protection.  This was granted and the angels left, but at the last moment, Lot’s wife could not resist the temptation to look back.  God’s toleration came to an end and He punished her, by causing her to turn into a pillar of salt.(This must have been a weird  monument; a woman for ever looking over her shoulder).

Some people’s hearts are so bound to the things of this world that, while standing on the verge of hell,  listening to the screams of pain of the lost, they would still  be looking over their shoulders, mourning for the earthly joys and possessions they are leaving behind, (Luke 17:32-33) instead of fleeing to the safety of the Lord Jesus.  At sunrise God caused fire and brimstone to rain down onto Sodom and Gomorrah and all of the landscape around them and everything was devoured.

Godless people think that they are very clever to continually get away with their sins, but when God allowed judgement to fall on them, there will be no possibility of escape.  Time of grace will have passed.  At daybreak when the day of God’s judgement dawned, there was no further opportunity for them to flee to the safety of the mountains.

When Lot had chosen the pastures around Sodom and Gomorrah many years before, he had thought that he was doing the best for him and his people, but now he has lost everything (house, furniture, cattle, sheep, goats, camels).  All that he retained was his own life and that of his two daughters.

God was merciful towards Lot and his family because of His friend Abraham’s intercession.

G. LOT’S LOT (Please read Gen 19:30-38).

The Lot family’s moral decline.

In the end, Lot and his daughters, because of fear for the people of Soar, had to flee to the mountains and live in a cave.  Why did he not seek refuge with Abraham who He would have accepted him with open arms? Maybe he was ashamed because of his earlier choice and the outcome of it.

Now his life deteriorated badly.  It would seem as if he gave himself over to liquor and was drinking himself into a stupor.

When some people are struck by catastrophe, they become despondent and give themselves over to drinking – they are seeking for a way of escape.  Alcohol is a mocker: it made a spectacle of both Noah and Lot, although both of them were men of God.  Alcohol is like a pet snake in a glass cage.  While everything is going well at the home, it is entertaining to sit down in a chair and look at it, but should something go wrong causing the cage to break, the snake escapes and bites whoever comes in its way, having being caged in for so long.  The Word teaches us not to give any room for the devil.  When a person is used to take a sip now and then, and some or other crisis hits him, he is in a greater temptation to grab at the bottle to still his fears or pain than some-one who does not know the effect of alcohol at all. It is safer not to keep a snake at all.  This makes sense?  (Prov 23:29-36).  Let me put it like this: most people never experience the effect of drugs like cocaine, tik, etc. so when they fall into depression or fear, they will not even think of taking refuge in these drugs.  The same with alcohol:  never touch it and it will never be a temptation to you.

After some time, Lot’s daughters made him drunk, had intercourse with him and gave birth to children.  Hopefully they did not do it because of sexual desire, but had a nobler motive, namely to conceive a posterity for themselves. Yet, these deeds were of the flesh; their own plans to have children, instead of requesting God to provide for them.  He never is without a plan to provide in the needs of them that wait on Him.  It is clear that the immorality of Sodom and Gomorra had also blunted their morals to such an extent that they had succumbed to this temptation. And just see what a terrible sin, incest, they had to commit to reach their goal.  Were they angry with God because He had slain their finances in Sodom?

Descendants of Lot.

The Moabite and Ammonite nations sprung from this sexual intercourse.  They were two godless nations who were always at war with Israel, the people God would later on raise up.  It might have been better if these two daughters had rather remained celibate.

Encouragement and warning.

Lot had started off well with the godly Abraham, leaving the land of sin, but he ended in a bad way:  a drunken, shabby, demoralized widower, living in a cave, a father that had committed incense with his daughters.  Abraham’s life is written down in Scripture as an encouragement for those that are obedient to God; Lot’s is there as a warning to those that do not enquire from Him when making choices.  Abraham’s life is calling out: “Follow me!”; Lot’s is warning: “Do not follow me!”

Who would you and I like to be:  an Abraham or a Lot?  Let us walk before the Lord, follow Him carefully, step-by-step, and we too will become godly men and women like Abraham, the friend of God.

Leave a Reply